Number of migrant workers from Odisha to other states is rising steadily. Compared to 55,000 workers migrating from Odisha in 2007, 1.46 lakh left the state in 2015, government figures show.Social activists working for welfare of the migrants said the actual number of people migrating to other states for works would be far more than the government figures because only a miniscule percentage of them get registered.
Anshu is a sickly boy of 24 engaged on ad hoc basis in a social science research Institute at Allahabad earning a little more than the stipulated minimum. Anshu comes from a village very close to the city of Allahabad. Anshu is well settled in his household – pursuing his Graduation from a nearby College where non-attendance is compulsory.
The Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics invites submissions for a Special Issue forthcoming in July 2018, on Migration: Change and Continuity, with reference to internal migration in South Asia or cross-border migration within South Asia.
This is not the story of rose – this is Gulab working as virtually Gulaam (slave) though formal slavery was/is not there in India. Some of the labourers remain attached to land, some tied, some bonded, some forced, some unpaid and so on. Gubal comes from Prajapati sub-caste that is from the bottom caste in Uttar Pradesh. And caste is a major determining factor in UP.
Pavan is a boy of 12 I discovered today on road at Jhusi area of Allahabad ferrying clothes. Drudgery was on his face. While buying something from him I got to know the following:
Pavan has parents. His mother is ill – bedridden. Pavan needs money to save to cure his mother. His father is a walking hawker. He has two sisters who are apparently in studies. Pavan is from Andawa area adjacent to the city of Allahabad or around five km. away from Jhusi area. Pavan uses the bi-cycle of his father to ferry. So, his drudgery is reduced a little bit.
India being large by geographic space and given the natural instinct of mankind to move, internal migration or movement of people from one corner to another is nothing new and nothing to worry about unless we disturb it. People on the move may also be rooted, that is, live permanently in one region understood as a village or a sub-urban area or a town.
The first-ever estimates of internal work-related migration using railways data for the period 2011-2016 indicate an annual average flow of close to 9 million migrant people between the states.
India’s biggest anti-poverty scheme, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act or MGNREGA, has been given its “highest allocation ever” of 48,000 crores in the government’s annual Budget presented today, said Finance Minster Arun Jaitley to Parliament.
According to data cited in the survey, Delhi was the largest recipient of migrants, accounting for more than half the number in 2015-16. People from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar accounted for almost half the migrants in the same period.
One can look at ‘Internal Migration in Contemporary India’ (Edited by Deepak K. Mishra) as a companion book to Partha S. Ghosh’s book, ‘Migrants, Refugees and the Stateless in South-Asia’ (2016). If the former addressed the issue of Migration within the context of South-Asia, then the latter engages with the same, from within the lens of contemporary India. The book is composed of eleven chapters. They collectively address a spectrum of issues ranging from women’s mobility, North-East migrants and migration from agrarian classes among a host of other topics, all pertaining to the context of migration occurring within the landscape of India. My review shall examine and analyse each chapter individually and conclude with my overall thoughts on the book.