Migration Narratives: The SHRAM Blog

Pathways Adaptation to Climate Change and Migration: Challenges and Opportunity

Migration is a positive trend and it facilitates real development transformation. Migration or movement is our fundamental right to make a move within country for better livelihoods, knowledge. It facilitates to bring more assets, resources technology and tools. It provides better learning environment to expand our research ability and explore innovations towards better well-being along with good remittances. In other words migration  creates an avenue for individual and country’s growth.

On the contrary, today’s development ecosystem is not conducive to human being and  now it behaved differently. Vulnerability the degree to which people are susceptible to the adverse impacts of climate change i.e level of resilience and capacity to cope of community. Persons living in a developing country faced 79 times greater risks of being affected by climate-induced disaster, close to 300 million people affected by climate disasters annually from 2000 to 2004 over 98 percent were living in the developing world.

Climate change is likely to increase mass migration, to put increasing strain on  health systems due to an increased incidence of disease, threaten food water  & nutrition security, and lead to loss of shelter, land, livelihoods and culture, not to mention the threat of conflict. However, the climate change debate has, so far, given little attention to human justice aspects. The most severe effects of climate change will occur in the poorest countries, which frequently have weak human rights protections. Now time has  critical analysis  that human rights criteria are included in climate change planning and policies. Now Migration has specific agenda in SDGs-2030 as MDGs was grossly neglected.

The impact of climate change will make the poorest communities across the world poorer. Many of them are already affected by conflict and instability and thus face a dual risk. International Alert’s new research finds that the consequences of climate change will fuel violent conflict, which itself hinders the ability of governments and local communities to adapt to the pressures of climate change.

The relevance of the concept in the Odisha context: “Floods, Droughts, Cyclones, Earth quakes, Tornadoes, Heat waves, Village fire, lightening, , Environmental  & health Hazards, foeticides, trafficking Extremists”: What Next?

Odisha unfortunately is in the path way of depressions and cyclones formed in the Bay of Bengal during south-west monsoon. With advancement in global warming and climate change, if sea storms acquire greater destructive power as is being forecast, the state will be required to bear the brunt of such storms which means all the gains of development will be washed away in flood/storms waters.

Weather events are very common phenomenon and recurrent droughts , crop loss  due flood and drought has forced communities to go out in distress. The extremity of the degree and implications of poverty is experienced by the situation that forces the people to live within a constant state of impoverishment, in circumstances where their most basic human rights, entitlements are need to rethink.   There is media reporting that western  regions of Odisha are slowly moving towards desertification. . Thus, under the changing climatic situation (arising as a result of natural phenomena and or outcomes of human made developments), the relationship between ecology and sustenance has been badly affected  and Risk and vulnerability is getting compounded   and disrupting  the livelihoods that causes distress migration, child sale and women trafficking with rampant social, mental and physical abuse:

Learn to Live with Change in distressed migration : A small initiative of UDYAMA in Titlagada, Bongamunda of Bolangir district: Titlagada, Muribahal, Bongamunda, Belapda,Khaparakhole  blocks of Bolangir is considered as highest distress migration prone blocks of Bolangir  because of resource degradation, Erratic rainfall, undulated terrain, fragmented ecology followed by frequency of droughts and disasters has severely affected since last few decades. Considering  migration issues as challenge and opportunity,UDYAMA has demonstrated onsite activities at source and destination linkage  and its Responsiveness to Social, Ecological Development and Change Management towards mitigating drought, disaster and desertification, Green Energy,  protecting environment and connecting livelihood development  along w  ith few  facilitating initiatives on life skill building as matter of safe migration for youth dropouts in Bongamunda and Titlagada  in Bolangir district.

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Safe migration has a process before beginning of skill building initiatives: Village base line survey, Identification of  distress migrant, place where going for what purpose, streams youth may like to develop, validate by local Sarapanch, provision of ID card  with registration with counter signature of Sarapanch and UDYAMA representatives  . Streams so far conducted based on interest, education and opportunity possible exploration of youth :Masonry, plumbing, electrical, driving, mobile repairing, computer, small vending, nursery raising, dress designing   & tailoring etc. whole crux of skill building is to make youths self-employable and   facilitate for safe migrate  with dignity, skill to learn  and earn more. Following are few case repots: 1)Dhanjaya Chandan (17),S/O. Chakrapani Chandan,Silua, Titlagarh, Bolangir: A unemployed  youth  was in village after unsuccessful in matriculation examination. When he came to know about the motor cycle training organized by UDYAMA  in Titlagarh, he enrolled in this trade and successfully completed 4 months training course including practical and theory. Presently he is working in Titlagarh Manaj Garage, earns 300 rupees  minimum a day. He is expecting more money to earn after two years of  work experience from the same garage.  2)Judhistira Mahanandia (34),S/O- Nityanandia Mahandia,Tyannery (Titlagarh) Mr. Mahanandia is a married man. His family members are 4 including two sons. He was working in a vehicle painting shop. He then joined in the motor cycle  repairing training center at Titlagarh, After the four-month course, he started his own small garage near by the painting shop. Presently he is earning a good amount nearly 12000 month  to support his family. 3)Mr.Chaitanya Sahu (22) S/O- Manahodho Sahu and Mr. Kundu Sahu (23) S/O- Lambodhar Sahu from Sargiguda village of Titlagarh. After being failed in the matriculation exam, both  were wandering un-employed. They  got information about the plumbing training. They  used to attained the 4 months  training class regularly.  Now both are engaged in plumbing work under a construction contractor going near and far from Titlagarh  to Kesinga, Kontabanji, Sanitala, presently earning a very decent amount 250-350 a day and supporting their family. They have self confident and believed to earn more when they become well experienced and skillful as a plumber.4) Mr. Binod Behera (19) son of Sri Narohari Behera,and Mr. Sudarshan Bagarthi (19) son of  Sri. Damodor Bagarthi inhabitants of Deben Pada, when they  became failed in Matric Exam. Out of  frustration they discontinued  study

and  wandering here and there.  They heard about the Plumbing Training Education. They decided  and took admission immediately. Both were  regular  trainee to training class. Now inside the Titlagarh town they have engaged in plumbing work. Their  daily income ranges from Rs. 250-300 .they have more confidence to become  a skillful and experienced plumber and earn better amount in future and support their family. 5)Mrs. Harabati Majhi (33) w/o Abelo Majhi, residence of Sargiguda, Titlagarh. Her family  is com rising of husband, wife and a son. Her husband works as a peon in a Private Company. His inadequate monthly income of Rs. 4000/- was not enough to manage the family. So she took admission in the Tailoring Training Centre organized by UDYAMA at Titlagarh. She  completed four-month training. Her husband brought a  second hand sewing machine for her. With that machine she carried out  stitching work. Now she is very happy as both wife and husband supporting the family. She hopes to go for costly dress designing both for boys and girls.6) Giridhar Pood (19) son of Sri Sankritan Pood from Maninga village of Titlagarh block is  belonging to poor and marginalized family. as a daily wage laborer ..he enrolled for the Mason Training at UDYAMA. There he learnt all techniques on  masonry  related work during four months. Just completion of training he placed under a contractor for building construction. Presently  is  getting 300-350 a days income my family gets support. Gradually  he is hoping to be well experienced and skilled  one and to earn monthly Rs 10000/-.7)I Sri Jodu Barik age about 38, from Pitapadar village of Moniga  Grampanchayat, Titlagarh. My family was very marginalised. I used to earn 100/- a days as a wage labourer. I got information regarding mason training. I completed mason training. Now I am working  as a second class mason and earning re 350/- a day. Presently my family is little secure financially. Hope in future I will become a s  killed mason and earn more.There are many case reports but challenge is that despite several training and skill initiatives ,placement in the  district is very difficult.  Fact that there has no quick absorption of skilled manpower , but it has facilitated to go out beyond district  and now trained youths are bargaining for   better wage and few youths are using apps to trace job and employment.

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