Spatio-Temporal Changes in Internal Migration in India During Post Reform Period
Author : Arvind Kumar Pandey | 2016
Published By: Journal of Economic & Social Development
India has a traditional society with relatively less mobile population. The existing literatures also support the fact that migration rate in India is one of the lowest in world. Till 1991 census, the migration rate in India showed declining trends but 2001 census, for the first time, marked a reversal. The internal migration rate was increased by 3 percent between 1991 and 2001. Scholars have linked it with the structural changes in economy adopted by India in 1991 due to severe economic crisis. Although, till 2001, it was too early to say that reversal in migration trends is because of process of economic reforms. But the recent 64th round of National Sample Survey (2007-08) which deals with migration in India also shows increasing trends and supports the idea that the economic reforms has further deepened the inter-regional inequalities and the gaps in the income levels of rich and poor is sharply widening. The whole process supports the neo-classical model of growth according to which increase in the inter-regional inequality promotes population mobility. In the light of the above the present paper endeavours to analyse the salient emerging features of the Internal migration in India specially during post reform era with the analysis of recent three rounds (49th, 55th and 64th ) of National Sample Survey on migration till 2007.
URL : http://www.iesd.org.in/jesd/Journal%20pdf/2014-X-1%20Spatio-Temporal.pdf