Innovative Strategies and Initiatives for the Social Inclusion of Internal Migrants in India
Author : Anandkumar Pal, Saraswatirajuiyer | 2016
Published By: Global Journal of Advanced Research
We live in the state and in society; we belong to a social circle which jostles against its members and is jostled by them; we feel the social pressure from all sides and we react against it with all our might; we experience a restraint to our free activities and we struggle to remove it; we require the services of other people which we cannot do without; we pursue our own interests and struggle for the interests of other social groups, which are also our interests. In short, we move in a world which we do not control, but which controls us, which is not directed toward us and adapted to us, but toward which we must direct and adapt ourselves. (Gumplowicz.L, 1963). Internal migration in India accounts for a large population currently estimated at approximately 400 million, or nearly 30 percent of the total population. The constraints faced by seasonal migrants in particular (estimated at 100 million) (UNESCO, 2013)are many – lack of formal residency rights; lack of identity proof; lack of political representation; inadequate housing; low paid, insecure or hazardous work; extreme vulnerability of women and children to trafficking and sexual exploitation; exclusion from state-provided services and entitlements such as health and education; inability to access banking facilities; and discrimination based on ethnicity, religion, class or gender. Inspite of certain initiatives taken by government of India, ngo‘s and international agencies, the social inclusion of the internal migrants have been restricted and limited.
URL : http://gjar.org/publishpaper/vol3issue6/dd499r10.pdf