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Urban Migration and Livelihoods in Telangana State: A Study on Socio-economic and Health Issues of Tribal Women

Author : B. Suresh Lal | 2016
Published By: South Asian Academic Research Journals

To assess the socio-economic conditions of the tribal women. To study specific factors responsible for migration of tribal women. To examine income and expenditure patterns of migrants. To investigate into the type and the level of moral physical economic exploitation of migrants. To suggest various ways and means for improving the socio-economic and health condition of tribal women and empower them. Majority migrants are small farmers having 0.5 to 1 hectare of land and lack of irrigation facilities. 90% migrants are at young age group. 78% respondents opined that agriculture forced them to migrant. 88% migrants resorted to degraded employment. More than three fourth of the migrant women have reported that, their fathers occupation as farming and about 15% as wage labour. 86% are facing health problems. Women are often exploited physically and sexually and they are more vulnerable than men. 82% women migrants are earning more than Rs.3000-4000 per month. Majority migrants spent Rs.2000-3000 on food and non-food items. Migrants are facing different problems at their native place and at place of migration. They are withdrawing children from schools, started doing degrading jobs, old family members left on attended, increased land mortgage, reduction in food consumption, increased silver loss, increased debt, increased intensity of migration, unpaid hospital bills, reduced fodder availability and short term land transfers. Increase of slums, increase of health problems, increase of pollution, low-wages, increase of crimes and suicides, reduce in nutritional food consumption, increase of trafficking and accidents and insecure life. As it is revealed by the empirical study, the inability of the rural agriculture sector to absorb the rural labour, especially women labour, they are migrating to the nearby urban centers where they get employment causing population pressure in cities/ town and resulting in frictions between migrants and natives. It is hence imperative that appropriate policy measure is to be undertaken to encourage agricultural allied activities, rural industries and emerging new services.

URL : 20170720012721.pdf

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