Rural to Urban Migration and Urban Labour Market
Author : Arup Mitra | 2016
Published By: National Institute of Labour Economics, Research and Development
Rural to urban migration in the Indian context is not exceptionally high if we consider the
urban areas. However, when it comes to large cities
In relation to
findings suggest that as the percentage of population residing
in urban areas rises
greater is the decline in the unemployment rate after migration in
prior to migration.
States with higher urbanization levels
a larger increase in regular wage employment after migration.
migration rate in
urban areas and
urbanization level are positively associated
very moderately though. With
an increase in city size
migration rate rises mainly because employment prospects
in large cities
due to agglomeration effects
. The share of regular wage employment is highest in
million-plus cities and the least in smaller cities,
whereas casual employment a
nd self-employment follow just the opposite pattern.
Migration, urban informal sector employment,
in the urban and rural areas are all positively
, suggesting that the socially backward groups are
more likely to migrate
in the urban informal sector.
his pattern is accompanied by a
decline in the incidence of poverty in
rural and urban areas:
activities are able to provide
better job opportunities and higher living standards.
the whole, urbanisation and migration show beneficial effects in terms of reduction in
and urban poverty
market outcomes tend to improve.
However, this process is not
strongly evident and hence,
more policy interventions are required
in order to
beneficial effects of urbanisation.
URL : http://iamrindia.gov.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/Urban%20Migration.pdf