Labour Markets

Size, Contribution and Characteristics of Informal Employment in India

Author : Jeemol Unni | 2016 |
Published By: Gujarat Institute of Development Research

The Task Force pointed out two structural features of the employment situation in India that made the situation in this country different from others. The first is the distinction between the formal and informal sector employment, or the organized and unorganized sectors as it is called in India, and the second is between wage and self-employment. Large proportions of the work force are engaged in the unorganized sector and are self-employed, as we shall see below. Both these features make it more difficult for the economic policies of the Government of India to have a direct and quick impact on the economy. The positive impact of economic growth may reach the organized sector and wage employed workers faster while making the process of the percolation of the benefits to the rest of the economy more difficult. The purpose of this country case study is to provide estimates of the informal sector and a broader concept of informal employment (defined later) using the official secondary data sources. Some evidence from micro studies will be presented to focus on the kind of workers we refer to and their working conditions.

URL : https://casi.sas.upenn.edu/sites/casi.sas.upenn.edu/files/iit/UNNI%20India%20Case%20Study%20for%20ILO%20stats%20book.pdf

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