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Migration Patterns

Women on the Move: Migration, Gender Equality and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Author : Tam O’Neil, Anjali Fleury, Marta Foresti | 2016 |
Published By: Overseas Development Institute

This policy brief gives an overview of the opportunities, risks and vulnerabilities female migrants and refugees face and the implications for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It describes the realities of migration for women and adolescent girls, focusing on the experiences of those working in a range of ‘care’ professions, from domestic workers to nurses and doctors. Mobility and employment create opportunities for female migrants, but gender norms – shared ideas about the different capabilities and ‘natural’ roles of women and men, girls and boys – also create vulnerabilities, as do institutional failures to address discrimination. Gender norms, prevalent in all countries, are a root cause of the gendered division of labour (whether paid or unpaid work), violence against women and girls, and women’s lack of decision-making power – all of which have particular consequences for female migrants. While gender stereotypes and expectations also shape the migration experience of men and boys, this brief focuses on female migrants because they are most likely to be ‘left behind’ in progress towards the 2030 Agenda.

URL : https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/10731.pdf

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