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Migration (In)flux: Impact of Legislation on Patterns and Quantum of Irregular Mobility between India and Saudi Arabia

Author : S Irudaya Rajan, Jolin Joseph | 2016 |
Published By: Gulf Labour Markets and Migration

Despite policies of highly regulated entry and recent regularisation drives, Gulf States have a sizeable share of irregular workers who live and work in irregular conditions (RMMS 2014). Rigid sponsorship systems, nationalisation policies, and limited quotas for foreign workers in the receiving countries, coupled with the operation of transnational networks and migration intermediaries in countries of origin and destination, perpetuate a parallel labour market for irregular entrants. Despite their economic and political salience, there are few recent estimates of irregular migration in the region. This chapter delivers new estimates and quantitative information based on field research, analysis of administrative data (arrests and regularisation statistics), expert opinions, and published data sources. Drawing on four Kerala Migration Surveys (KMS) and data made available through the Gulf Labour Markets and Migration (GLMM) programme, the chapter presents estimates and analysis of irregular migratory movements from India to Saudi Arabia with a view to elucidate the structural frameworks that create conditions of irregular migration in the region.

URL : 20170627122044.pdf

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