Gendered Migration Patterns, Processes and Outcomes: Results from a Household Survey in Ponorogo, Indonesia

Author : Khoo Choon Yen, Maria Platt, Brenda S.A. Yeoh, Theodora Lam, Silvia Mila Arlini, Grace Baey, Sukamdi, Julie Litchfield, Endang Sugiyarto | 2014
Published By: Migrating Out of Poverty

This working paper notes a strong gender dimension in the patterns and processes surrounding migration. The gendered division of responsibilities within households affects men and women’s propensity to migrate in different ways. We found that households with a high dependency ratio lower women’s likelihood to migrate. Gender also influences migration destinations. Women are more likely to migrate overseas, rather than internally, and are more likely to migrate to a greater range of destinations compared to their male counterparts. This difference is due to a well-established gendered migration regime, which sees women’s international migration aided by a system of debt-finance migration that requires little, if any, upfront payment before migrating.

URL : http://migratingoutofpoverty.dfid.gov.uk/files/file.php?name=wp22-khoo-choon-yen-et-al-2014-gendered-migration-patterns-processes-and-outcomes-final.pdf&site=354

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