Dietary Intake and Rural-Urban Migration in India: A Cross-Sectional Study

Author : Shah Ebrahim, Sanjay Kinra, Liza Bowen, Bianca De Stavola, Andy Ness, A.V. Bharathi, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, K. Srinath Reddy | 2011
Published By: Plosone

Migration from rural areas of India contributes to urbanisation and lifestyle change, and dietary changes may increase the risk of obesity and chronic diseases. We tested the hypothesis that rural-to-urban migrants have different macronutrient and food group intake to rural non-migrants, and that migrants have a diet more similar to urban nonmigrants.Rural to urban migration appears to be associated with both positive (higher fruit and vegetables intake) and negative (higher energy and fat intake) dietary changes. These changes may be of relevance to cardiovascular health and warrant public health interventions.The objective of this analysis was therefore to measure the dietary differences associated with rural-urban migration to help explain increases in obesity and diabetes in urban India. Specifically, comparisons in macronutrient and food group intake between rural-urban migrants and both their rural and urban counterparts were made.

URL : http://www.plosone.org/article/fetchObject.action?uri=info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0014822&representation=PDF

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