Labour Markets

Estimating Workers' Bargaining Power and Firms' Markup in India: Implications of Reforms and Labour Regulations

Author : Rupayan Pal, Udayan Rathore | 2014
Published By: Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research

We examine implications of industrial deregulations, trade liberalisation and labour regulations on workers’ bargaining power and firms’ markup in Indian manufacturing industries, using statewise three-digit industry-level panel data for the period 1980-2007. Results of our econometric analysis suggest that both industrial deregulations and trade liberalisation led to significant declines in workers’ bargaining power, which was already less than 6.7% on an average during pre-reform era. However, none of these reforms appears to have any significant effect on firms’ markup. Our results also suggest that amendments to labour regulation by State governments, which aim to simplify procedures and reduce costs of industrial dispute resolutions, have a significant positive effect on workers’ bargaining power. Surprisingly, amendments to Employment Protection Legislations do not appear to have any significant effect on workers’ bargaining power. We also document considerable variation in firms’ markup and workers’ bargaining power across industry-groups and States.

URL : http://www.igidr.ac.in/pdf/publication/WP-2014-037.pdf

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