Male Worker Migration and Women Empowerment: A Case of Bihar, India
Author : Anjani Kumar, RKP Singh, Abhay Kumar, RC Bharati | 2016
Published By: Rajendra Agricultural University
Migration of population has been a recurrent phenomenon since the dawn of human history. Though its form has changed but it remains a dominant event in the global social system. In modern days also people migrate from underdeveloped areas to the developed ones in search of better opportunities. Several theories have been propounded to explain the occurrence of migration. A number of social, cultural, economic, spatial, climatic, demographic factors induce migration. Among them, the economic factors are considered as the primary reasons for inducing migration. Migration of male labour force from Bihar has increased during last two decades which prompted us to analyze the pattern of migration and its impact on the empowerment of women left behind at place of origin. The incidence of migration is comparatively high in rainfed ecosystem due to undeveloped agriculture. In Bihar, labour migration crossed the boundary of caste and class since migrants belonging to all castes and class are found migrating however short term migration seems to be the domain of lower caste and class whereas forward caste migrants prefer to migrate for long period.
URL : http://jsure.org.in/journal/index.php/jas/article/view/145/117