Does Migrating with Children Influence Migrants' Occupation Choice and Income?
Author : Chunbing Xing, Yinheng Wei | 2016
Published By: ADBI
This paper studies the impact of migrant children on their parents’ occupation choice
and wage income using a dataset from a household survey conducted in 2011. We find
that the heads of migrant households with school-age children earn significantly less
than those who left them at their place of hukou registration. This result holds when we
control for personal characteristics, migration duration, origin location, and family structure.
Households migrating with school-age children have a higher probability of doing so within
the prefecture/province of their hukou registration and are less likely to target coastal regions.
After controlling for migration scope and destination location, the presence of children does
not influence wages of migrant household heads. We also find that the presence of children
below the age of six has no impact on the income of migrant household heads. Our results
suggest that the hukou system still impedes labor mobility.
URL : 20180425013629.pdf