June 2016  



This month the SHRAM Bulletin focuses on Child Labour and its various aspects. Child labour continues to be a great concern in many parts of the world. The policy curbing child labour exists but the lack of enforcement of labour restrictions perpetuates child labour. This is manifested in variation in minimum age restriction in different types of employment. The International Labor Office reports that children work the longest hours and are the worst paid of all labourers. Children are employed in both formal and informal sectors. Among the occupations wherein children are engaged in work are construction work, domestic work and small-scale industries. The negative impact on the physiological and psychological levels of children includes specific concerns of child labour and its consequences on mental health. This month the SHRAM Bulletin features an Exclusive Interview with Umi Daniel focusing on Drought and Distress Migration in India. Also, the SHRAM Publication section features an exclusive interview with Umi Daniel focussing on Drought and Distress Migration and second is A Report by Debdatta Club on Youth Migration.


1. SHRAM Interview Exclusive: Umi Daniel
Umi Daniel

Umi Daniel is currently working as Head Migration Thematic unit at Aide et Action South Asia. His areas of interests are tribal empowerment, people's right to food, micro level planning, rights and entitlement of migrant labourers and trade justice campaign. In this interview Umi Daniel discusses how growing rural deprivation, inequality further worsened by the drought situation in country is giving rise to large-scale distress migration of poor people who land up in cities and urban location to eke out better wage and livelihood.

2. A Study Report on Youth Migration Study conducted by Debadatta Club
Debdatta Club

The key concept under preparation of a study report about Youth Migrant is to analyse the real situation of migrant youth and its family members. When adverse conditions at source place initiated migration from western Odisha, the entire family was a migrant unit. Natural calamities forced families to join brick kilns as labourers. At the time of the baseline survey, it was found that youth-led migration was a sizeable proportion.

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1. Children's Work and Independent Child Migration: A Critical Review
Eric Edmonds, Maheshwor Shrestha

This review considers the evidence from child labour research that is relevant to understanding independent child migration for work. Child labour research is relevant to the study of independent child migration for work in three ways. First, migration for work is one of the many possible alternatives for child time allocation.

2. Child Labour, Reality, Challenges and Policies: A Case Study in Dibrugarh Town, (Assam)
Nath Lipismrita

According to Encarta Encyclopaedia (2009), "child labour as a designation was formerly applied to the practice of employing young children in factories". In the contemporary societies, this designation is used to denote the employment of minors generally, especially in work that may interfere with their education or endanger their health.

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Data Hub
Migration has historically played a major role in the growth and development of Mumbai, the commercial centre of India. This month the data hub shows migration from other states to Mumbai from top five states.
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1. Report of a One-Day Workshop on Issues Related to Social Security and Services of Urban Poor
Sahabhagi Sikhshan Kendra (SSK)

The workshop was organized in Hotel Redbury, where 54 stakeholders participated. Officers of different level including labour department officers, NGOs representatives, Parshads, advocates, medias as well as migrant people were present in the workshop.


2. Financial Literacy awareness Camp organised by PEPUS

A Financial Literacy awareness Camp was organised by PEPUS, on May 17, 2016 at village-Bheekhanpur, block-Kaudihar, District- Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.The camp was attended by migrant labours and their families.



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