Author : Ashok Khandelwal,Sudhir Katiyar,Madan Vaishnav | Published On: 2008
The study discusses the conditions of employment in relation to the provisions of four of the national laws, namely, Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, Minimum Wages Act, 1948, Interstate Migrant Workers (CS & RE) Act, 1979 and Bonded Labour (Abolition) Act, 1976 and international instruments in ILO Convention 138 on Minimum Age and 182 on the worst forms of child labour. While ILO Conventions have not been ratified by the Government of India, the MNC Monsanto, the main stakeholder in business, promises strict compliance with these conventions in its Human Rights Policy. Employment of children per se in agriculture operations is not illegal according to the Child Labour Act. However most of the provisions of this Act that regulate employment of children are being violated. In fact significant provisions of all the above mentioned Acts that are oriented to welfare of the workers simply remain dead letters.