Migration Narratives: The SHRAM Blog

Internal Migration conundrum in India

The first-ever estimates of internal work-related migration using railways data for the period 2011-2016 indicate an annual average flow of close to 9 million migrant people between the states. Both these estimates are significantly greater than the annual average flow of about 4 million suggested by successive Censuses and higher than previously estimated by any study.

For the 2011-’16 period, using railway data for the first time, the Economic Survey estimated that nearly 90 lakh people migrated between states annually. The analysis excluded those traveling within 200 km.

This was the first time the Survey used origin-destination monthly railway data on unreserved passenger traffic between every pair of stations between 2011-’16 as a proxy for work-related migrant flow.

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