Bihar has a long history of labour migration, and its pace has quickened over the the past few decades. A lack of
non-farm employment opportunities in rural Bihar, coupled with increasing demand for labour in other parts of
the country has substantially increased the rate of labour migration from the state. However, a large number of
migrant workers from Bihar are engaged in short term, casual and precarious employment at the destinations.
They live and work in unsafe and unhygienic conditions. In the villages, households of migrant workers suffer from
low and irregular remittances, semi-feudal systems, lack of access to social protection and basic services, as well
as political exclusion. These ...